First Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

Core Resources

  • Units of Study for Teaching Reading, Grade 1
  • Units of Study for Teaching Writing, Grade 1
  • Making Meaning, Grade 1
  • Guided Reading
  • Spelling Connections, Grade 1
  • Handwriting without Tears
  • Keyboarding without Tears

Learning Goals For Reading

  • Develop and strengthen listening and reading comprehension
  • Participate in class discussions based on teacher read aloud texts
  • Preview text by looking at front cover, taking picture walks, reading summaries, and table of contents
  • Make connections
  • Predict outcomes
  • Identify the main idea of text
  • Build and develop vocabulary
  • Develop an understanding of the different genres within literature
  • Recognize non-fiction and use it as a resource to gather information
  • Build an understanding of the different text features in non-fiction (e.g., table of contents, index, glossary)
  • Develop an understanding of poetry features (e.g., line breaks, punctuation)
  • Develop an understanding of story elements (e.g., plot, character, setting)
  • Choose independent reading level books
  • Retell independent reading level books
  • Develop and strengthen fluency
  • Use a variety of strategies to decode unknown words (e.g., pictures, context, phonics, syntax)
  • Self-correct while reading

Read with expression

Learning Goals For Writing

FORMS OF WRITING: Fiction Non-fiction, Personal Narrative and Poetry

  • Use writing process: plan, write, revise, edit, publish
  • Plan and organize a writing piece both orally and in writing
  • Write descriptively through the use of adjectives and adverbs
  • Vary voice according to the different genres: fiction, personal narratives, non-fiction, poetry
  • Write a story with a beginning, middle, and end
  • Use phonetic spelling and begin to transition to standard spelling
  • Expand fluency through grade-level appropriate conventions such as capitalization (beginning of sentences and names),
  • punctuation (periods, questions marks, exclamation marks)
  • Revise writing pieces through teacher conference
  • Understand the expectations of a published piece of work within the unit of study
  • Apply correct spelling of words in the writing process

Learning Goals For Handwriting and Keyboarding

  • Use correct pencil grip
  • Demonstrate correct formation for letters and numbers
  • Write letters together to form words
  • Use sentence writing conventions including proper spacing
  • Combine sentences to express thoughts, ideas and opinions
  • Use proper posture and hand and body positions
  • Use simple keyboarding commands

Learning Goals For Speaking and Listening

  • Participate in class discussions
  • Listen to and follow oral directions
  • Listen attentively to stories
  • Speak clearly
  • Retell and sequence stories
  • Deliver oral presentations to peers

Social Studies

CORE RESOURCE: Social Studies Alive

Social Studies Units

  • How Do We Get Along in School?
  • Why Is It Important to Learn From Each Other?
  • Why Do Schools Have Rules?
  • Who Helps Us at School?
  • How Are We Good Helpers at School?
  • What is a Map?
  • What Was School Like Long Ago?
  • What Groups Do We Belong To?
  • How Are Families Special?
  • What Do Families Need and Want?
  • How Do Family Members Care for Each Other?
  • How Do Families Change?
  • What Are Family Traditions?
  • What Do Good Neighbors Do?

Learning Goals For Social Studies

  • Analyze the cost and benefits of different choices
  • Identify the purpose and benefits of having rules at school
  • Vote to make a decision
  • Identify the contributions of service providers in the school
  • Identify the contributions of leaders in government
  • List the characteristics of being a good citizen
  • Create a classroom map using symbols
  • Compare and contrast past and present community life
  • Distinguish between needs and wants
  • Identify how families change over time
  • Identify family traditions
  • Explore holidays and celebrations
  • Identify famous people in history
  • Identify the types of behavior that characterize good neighbors


CORE RESOURCES: Everyday Mathematics 4; AIMS: Solve It!

Learning Goals For Mathematics

Number Sense, Operations and Computations

  • Count on by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s past 100 and back by 1s from any number less than 100
  • Count collections of objects accurately and reliably
  • Estimate the number of objects in a collection
  • Read, write and model with manipulatives whole numbers up to 1,000
  • Identify places in such numbers and the values of the digits in those places
  • Use manipulatives and drawings to model halves, thirds, and fourths as equal parts of a region
  • Compare and order numbers to 1,000
  • Identify odd and even numbers
  • Demonstrate proficiency with sum-equals-ten addition and subtraction fact
  • Solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of 1-digit whole numbers
  • Calculate and compare the values of combinations of coins

Data and Chance

  • Collect and organize data to create tally charts, tables, bar graphs and plots
  • Use graphs to answer questions and draw conclusions
  • Find the maximum and minimum of a data set
  • Describe events using probability terms


  • Identify and describe plane and solid figures
  • Identify shapes having line symmetry
  • Complete line-symmetry shapes or designs

Patterns, Algebra And Functions

  • Extend, describe, and create numeric, visual, and concrete patterns
  • Solve problems involving function machines
  • Read, write and explain expressions and number sentences
  • Solve equations with addition and subtraction
  • Apply the Commutative Property of Addition and Additive Identity to basic addition fact problems

Measurement and Reference Frames

  • Use nonstandard tools and techniques to estimate and compare weight and length
  • Measure length with standard measuring tools
  • Know and compare the value of pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and dollar bills
  • Make exchanges between coins
  • Identify a thermometer as a tool for measuring temperature
  • Read temperatures on Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers to the nearest degree
  • Use a calendar to identify days, weeks, months and dates
  • Tell and show time to the nearest half and quarter hour on an analog clock

Problem Solving

  • Use a variety of strategies to solve a problem
  • Use tools, such as manipulatives, number lines, and sketches to solve problems
  • Record and explain strategies for solving

Science and Engineering

CORE RESOURCES: STEMScopes and Engineering is Elementary

Learning Goals For Science

Nature of Science

  • Recognize the importance of safety practices
  • Conduct experiments in the classroom and outdoors
  • Describe what scientists do
  • Record and organize data using pictures, numbers and words
  • Communicate observations and provide reasons for explanations using data
  • Make predictions based on observable patterns

From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

  • Use materials to design a solution to a human problem by mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs.
  • Read texts and use media to determine patterns in behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive.

Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

  • Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate.
  • Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that objects can be seen only when illuminated.
  • Plan and conduct an investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.
  • Use tools and materials to design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.

Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that young plants and animals are like, but not exactly like their parents.

Earth’s Place in the Universe

Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Engineering and Technology

  • Ask scientific questions
  • Use and apply technology
  • Practice steps of the Engineering Process
  • Begin to understand the concept of trial and error
  • Make observations
  • Gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the
  • development of a new or improved object or tool.
  • Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed
  • to solve a given problem.
  • Analyze data from tests of two objects designed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and weaknesses of
  • how each performs.
  • Master computer basics such as logging on/off, shared drives, double clicking and dragging
  • Explore the location of keys on the keyboard and correct finger positioning
  • Create a slide presentation with animation
  • Format text, insert images/graphics, and layout in documents
  • Search and find, modify, copy and paste and insert images and graphics
  • Discuss safety rules and practices while using the Internet
  • Discover how technology is used in everyday life


CORE RESOURCE: Descubre el Español con Santillana

Learning Goals For Spanish

Interpersonal Communication

  • Communicate on some familiar topics using single words or phrases that were practiced or memorized.
  • Respond to yes/no questions
  • Answer to either/or questions.
  • Introduce themselves.
  • Greet and leave people in a polite way

Presentational Speaking

  • Present information about themselves and some very familiar topics using single words, phrases and memorized expressions.
  • Count from 1-20
  • Name countries on a map
  • Say the date and the day of the week
  • List items seen every day
  • State name, age and where they live
  • Sing a short song

Presentational Writing

  • Copy familiar words, characters, or phrases and start writing list and memorized phrases on familiar topics
  • Write the date, the day of the week and the months of the year
  • Write the name of countries on a map. List items seen every day
  • Label items in a room
  • List family members, their ages and their relationship to me.
  • Label activities in a daily schedule

Interpretative Listening

  • Recognize familiar words and phrases when hear them spoken
  • Understand greetings, when people express thanks or introduce themselves
  • Understand when asked for their names
  • Understand some numbers, color words and food items

Interpretative Reading

  • Recognize some letters or characters.
  • Identify memorized words and phrases when read.
  • Connect some words, phrases or characters to their meanings.
  • Recognize words, phrases and characters with the help of visuals