First Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

Core Resources

  • Units of Study for Teaching Reading, Grade 1
  • Units of Study for Teaching Writing, Grade 1
  • Making Meaning, Grade 1
  • Guided Reading
  • Spelling Connections, Grade 1
  • Handwriting without Tears
  • Keyboarding without Tears

Learning Goals For Reading

  • Develop and strengthen listening and reading comprehension
  • Participate in class discussions based on teacher read aloud texts
  • Preview text by looking at front cover, taking picture walks, reading summaries, and table of contents
  • Make connections
  • Predict outcomes
  • Identify the main idea of text
  • Build and develop vocabulary
  • Develop an understanding of the different genres within literature
  • Recognize non-fiction and use it as a resource to gather information
  • Build an understanding of the different text features in non-fiction (e.g., table of contents, index, glossary)
  • Develop an understanding of poetry features (e.g., line breaks, punctuation)
  • Develop an understanding of story elements (e.g., plot, character, setting)
  • Choose independent reading level books
  • Retell independent reading level books
  • Develop and strengthen fluency
  • Use a variety of strategies to decode unknown words (e.g., pictures, context, phonics, syntax)
  • Self-correct while reading
  • Read with expression

Learning Goals For Writing

FORMS OF WRITING: Fiction Non-fiction, Personal Narrative and Poetry

  • Use writing process: plan, write, revise, edit, publish
  • Plan and organize a writing piece both orally and in writing
  • Write descriptively through the use of adjectives and adverbs
  • Vary voice according to the different genres: fiction, personal narratives, non-fiction, poetry
  • Write a story with a beginning, middle, and end
  • Use phonetic spelling and begin to transition to standard spelling
  • Expand fluency through grade-level appropriate conventions such as capitalization (beginning of sentences and names),
  • punctuation (periods, questions marks, exclamation marks)
  • Revise writing pieces through teacher conference
  • Understand the expectations of a published piece of work within the unit of study
  • Apply correct spelling of words in the writing process

Learning Goals For Handwriting and Keyboarding

  • Use correct pencil grip
  • Demonstrate correct formation for letters and numbers
  • Write letters together to form words
  • Use sentence writing conventions including proper spacing
  • Combine sentences to express thoughts, ideas and opinions
  • Use proper posture and hand and body positions
  • Use simple keyboarding commands

Learning Goals For Speaking and Listening

  • Participate in class discussions
  • Listen to and follow oral directions
  • Listen attentively to stories
  • Speak clearly
  • Retell and sequence stories
  • Deliver oral presentations to peers

Social Studies

CORE RESOURCE: Social Studies Alive

Social Studies Units

  • How Do We Get Along in School?
  • Why Is It Important to Learn From Each Other?
  • Why Do Schools Have Rules?
  • Who Helps Us at School?
  • How Are We Good Helpers at School?
  • What is a Map?
  • What Was School Like Long Ago?
  • What Groups Do We Belong To?
  • How Are Families Special?
  • What Do Families Need and Want?
  • How Do Family Members Care for Each Other?
  • How Do Families Change?
  • What Are Family Traditions?
  • What Do Good Neighbors Do?

Learning Goals For Social Studies

  • Analyze the cost and benefits of different choices
  • Identify the purpose and benefits of having rules at school
  • Vote to make a decision
  • Identify the contributions of service providers in the school
  • Identify the contributions of leaders in government
  • List the characteristics of being a good citizen
  • Create a classroom map using symbols
  • Compare and contrast past and present community life
  • Distinguish between needs and wants
  • Identify how families change over time
  • Identify family traditions
  • Explore holidays and celebrations
  • Identify famous people in history
  • Identify the types of behavior that characterize good neighbors


CORE RESOURCES: Everyday Mathematics 4; AIMS: Solve It!

Learning Goals For Mathematics

Number Sense, Operations and Computations

  • Count on by 1s, 2s, 5s, and 10s past 100 and back by 1s from any number less than 100
  • Count collections of objects accurately and reliably
  • Estimate the number of objects in a collection
  • Read, write and model with manipulatives whole numbers up to 1,000
  • Identify places in such numbers and the values of the digits in those places
  • Use manipulatives and drawings to model halves, thirds, and fourths as equal parts of a region
  • Compare and order numbers to 1,000
  • Identify odd and even numbers
  • Demonstrate proficiency with sum-equals-ten addition and subtraction fact
  • Solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of 1-digit whole numbers
  • Calculate and compare the values of combinations of coins

Data and Chance

  • Collect and organize data to create tally charts, tables, bar graphs and plots
  • Use graphs to answer questions and draw conclusions
  • Find the maximum and minimum of a data set
  • Describe events using probability terms


  • Identify and describe plane and solid figures
  • Identify shapes having line symmetry
  • Complete line-symmetry shapes or designs

Patterns, Algebra And Functions

  • Extend, describe, and create numeric, visual, and concrete patterns
  • Solve problems involving function machines
  • Read, write and explain expressions and number sentences
  • Solve equations with addition and subtraction
  • Apply the Commutative Property of Addition and Additive Identity to basic addition fact problems

Measurement and Reference Frames

  • Use nonstandard tools and techniques to estimate and compare weight and length
  • Measure length with standard measuring tools
  • Know and compare the value of pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters, and dollar bills
  • Make exchanges between coins
  • Identify a thermometer as a tool for measuring temperature
  • Read temperatures on Fahrenheit and Celsius thermometers to the nearest degree
  • Use a calendar to identify days, weeks, months and dates
  • Tell and show time to the nearest half and quarter hour on an analog clock

Problem Solving

  • Use a variety of strategies to solve a problem
  • Use tools, such as manipulatives, number lines, and sketches to solve problems
  • Record and explain strategies for solving

Science and Engineering

CORE RESOURCES: STEMScopes and Engineering is Elementary

Learning Goals For Science

Nature of Science

  • Recognize the importance of safety practices
  • Conduct experiments in the classroom and outdoors
  • Describe what scientists do
  • Record and organize data using pictures, numbers and words
  • Communicate observations and provide reasons for explanations using data
  • Make predictions based on observable patterns

From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes

  • Use materials to design a solution to a human problem by mimicking how plants and/or animals use their external parts to help them survive, grow, and meet their needs.
  • Read texts and use media to determine patterns in behavior of parents and offspring that help offspring survive.

Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer

  • Plan and conduct investigations to provide evidence that vibrating materials can make sound and that sound can make materials vibrate.
  • Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that objects can be seen only when illuminated.
  • Plan and conduct an investigation to determine the effect of placing objects made with different materials in the path of a beam of light.
  • Use tools and materials to design and build a device that uses light or sound to solve the problem of communicating over a distance.

Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits

  • Make observations to construct an evidence-based account that young plants and animals are like, but not exactly like their parents.

Earth’s Place in the Universe

  • Use observations of the sun, moon, and stars to describe patterns that can be predicted.

Engineering and Technology

  • Ask scientific questions
  • Use and apply technology
  • Practice steps of the Engineering Process
  • Begin to understand the concept of trial and error
  • Make observations
  • Gather information about a situation people want to change to define a simple problem that can be solved through the
  • development of a new or improved object or tool.
  • Develop a simple sketch, drawing, or physical model to illustrate how the shape of an object helps it function as needed
  • to solve a given problem.
  • Analyze data from tests of two objects designed to solve the same problem to compare the strengths and weaknesses of
  • how each performs.
  • Master computer basics such as logging on/off, shared drives, double clicking and dragging
  • Explore the location of keys on the keyboard and correct finger positioning
  • Create a slide presentation with animation
  • Format text, insert images/graphics, and layout in documents
  • Search and find, modify, copy and paste and insert images and graphics
  • Discuss safety rules and practices while using the Internet
  • Discover how technology is used in everyday life


CORE RESOURCE: Descubre el Español con Santillana

Learning Goals For Spanish

Interpersonal Communication

  • Communicate on some familiar topics using single words or phrases that were practiced or memorized.
  • Respond to yes/no questions
  • Answer to either/or questions.
  • Introduce themselves.
  • Greet and leave people in a polite way

Presentational Speaking

  • Present information about themselves and some very familiar topics using single words, phrases and memorized expressions.
  • Count from 1-20
  • Name countries on a map
  • Say the date and the day of the week
  • List items seen every day
  • State name, age and where they live
  • Sing a short song

Presentational Writing

  • Copy familiar words, characters, or phrases and start writing list and memorized phrases on familiar topics
  • Write the date, the day of the week and the months of the year
  • Write the name of countries on a map. List items seen every day
  • Label items in a room
  • List family members, their ages and their relationship to me.
  • Label activities in a daily schedule

Interpretative Listening

  • Recognize familiar words and phrases when hear them spoken
  • Understand greetings, when people express thanks or introduce themselves
  • Understand when asked for their names
  • Understand some numbers, color words and food items

Interpretative Reading

  • Recognize some letters or characters.
  • Identify memorized words and phrases when read.
  • Connect some words, phrases or characters to their meanings.
  • Recognize words, phrases and characters with the help of visuals